If Join linkedin 1billiongirls for latest debates with Dear Old Joe
7.5 billion people are to escape from extinction, americans dont need to invent anything moore until they have learnt deep collaboration and data from 1billiongirls asian networks.biden - will he ever let tech wizards have any quality time
what do amazonians tech wizards study?
2025report.com -4 years to first s-gen?Jan 2021 - reminded of what steve jobs said 11 years ago & Economist's norman macrae wrote 25 years ago in london's sunday times - compare that with covid decade (my body's research shows antibodies last about 7 months but would love to be wrong), and then in summer 2019 we learnt not one cent of 3000 trllion dollar western pension money had been put into sdgs let alone vaccines -something not right with 21stcmedia??
economists welcome A for aid & AI B for black and bank D for Diary F for food G FOR GREEN ,H for health .
.sdgsu.com fazleabed.com xglasgow.com 1billiongirls.com collaborationcafe.city
we're working on 1 billion girls top 50 grassroots unicorn networks - instead of being exited -this have linked villagers
since 1972 - question 1 in china and bangladesh- how to raise life expectancy of villages without electricity to 60s instead of 40s - so unicorns on village g3 health and g2 food security came first- then village banking g1 and village education-norman called this rural keynes in his 1977 survey of 2 billion asians - we'll have the 50 unicorns version 1 ready as youth handout
cop26 glasgow university union 6 nov 2021- if you have an under 30s chapter who'd like to zoom in or present their sdg solution networks pls connect
chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk - in memory of fazle abed, norman macrae and adam smith scholars since industrial revolution 1 machine energy glasgow 1761
Back to www.normanmacrae.comSDG education revolutionCommentaryFriends and FamilyFuture HistoryBiographycoming - books.. diary 2020

Norman Macrae, having survived teenage navigation of RAF planes bomber command world war 2 over modern-day myanmar/bangladesh, joined The Economist in 1949, and retired as the deputy editor of what he called "the world's favourite viewspaper" in 1988. During that time, he wrote extensively on the future of society and the impact of technology. Norman foresaw species sustainability as being determined by post-colonial and virtual mapmaking- 5G 4G 3G 2G 1G 0G if 60s tech could race to moon and Moore alumni promised 100 times more machine intel every decade TO 2025, let's end poverty mediating/educating a world of loving each others' children- so that wherever the next millennials girl is born she enjoys great chance to thrive.

Soon Norman was celebrating his wartime enemy's rising engineers and win-win sme supply chains across far east and very concerned that tod down constitutions english speaking nations led by political bureaucrats wasn't fit for entrepreneurial revolution-he co-opted a young romani prodi to translate Economist 1976 ER survey into multilingual formats

Amongst some of his more outlandish claims: that governments would not only reverse the nationalisation process and denationalise formerly private industries, but would also sell industries and services that had been state operated for so long that it seemed impossible that they could be run by private companies. A pioneer before the pioneers, Macrae imagined privatised and competing telecommunications and utility companies improving service levels and reducing prices.

When others saw arms build-ups as heralding World War III, Macrae predicted the fall of the Berlin Wall by the end of the 1980's.

The Norman Macrae Archive serves as an on-line library, hosting a growing collection of Macrae articles, newspaper columns and highlights from his books. We hope that you find the articles thought provoking and zoom, twitter or question us - norman's son chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk

best wishes


help linkin sdg coalition maps- peru ...millennials rewind usa in 1999 afore 3G mobilisation decade- sample of cluetrain signees
| Saving the Internet—and all the commons it makes The ninth and worst enclosure is the one inside our heads. Because, if we think the Internet is something we use by grace of Apple, Amazon, Facebook, Google and “providers” such as phone and cable companies, we’re only helping all those companies contain the Internet’s usefulness inside their walled gardens.
Not understanding the Internet can result in problems similar to ones

we suffer by not understanding common pool resources such as the atmosphere, the oceans, and the Earth itself.

chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk, normanmacrae.net quarters 5 and 6 of EconomistDiary 2018-1843 - journalists valuing mediation of goal 1 end poverty , A global databank for brandchartering the interconnecting aims of CLO, CBO and CEO in organising learning, branding and strategy - "I'd like to ask : Isn't it time that branders, strategists, and learning systems people believed and acted on their marketing promise as much as they want end-consumers to trust it? I am editing a millennial issue of a journal where we are urgently inviting world leading influencers of strategy, brand or learning to write 6 pages on future organisational frameworks in such simple language that every reader connects to the big idea whatever their home area of expertise"..........

Monday, October 18, 2021

americans must adapt or die

x americans suffer from the same mental disease as the brits - the english mindset-therefore it seems mathematically likely that Americans must adapt or die too

the 14 yera old adam smith made a fascinating discovery about the english empire mindset in the 1750s the last decade before his compatriot James Watt invented engines

the word's number 1 university (and indeed total education sysetms) - oxford in the 1750s was a monolpoly designed for the conveiennce of profs and buraucrats to master over people not to value youth
265 yeras ago ad am smith launched koral sentiments economics the last economic book before engines - and over the first 20 yeras of engines he argued that wehrever engneers went they should share the benefots of engineering as deeply as possible with all the peoples ; just as 265 yeras later we face teh same problem will ai be designed around deep and diverse enough data artifivials to assists all human intels

we know from humanity's secod last chnance the borth of the iunited nations in 1945 that 7 white empires did exactly the oooposite of sdharing machines everywhere - the root cause of world war 2 was world trade had been carved up by thesde 7 emepires (as well as japan which caught the empire deisease when the american navy indicated it would otherwise colonise japan in the late 180ss)

yhe process used not to share engines included slavetrading , genocide, colonisation (designing mainly other peopels coastal belts so that theor natural resources benefits those who organsiaed a few whita capital cities) whilst impoversihing/ ruining locals natural opportunities; as well as fame currencies eg the british proposition to china - opium as a currency or be exclded from world trade for 112 yeras)

back in 1962 tyhe economist put together a lot of good news :
the sixties wasnt hust teh start of the moon race decade but every decade thanks tp von neumann would bring 100 tiem smore tech to invent with
over in the east 2 asia rising models were evuidenced by japan-korea-taiwan (soon hong kong singapore) 100% fully empoted vilagers (rural keynsiansim) ; supercities designing win-win tarder around small eneterprise supply chains leveraging technology adaptation in ever smarter ways ; there was however a chalenge - to enter the supercity game you needed to value 10 times more efficient ports (eg containiersiation) 10 times more efficient design of traisn (both supercity undergrounds) and unless you were a one city state - bulet trains so that people could commute 100 miles as easily as drive in through an american city's rush hour and suburban sprawl

so while the asia rising models gave the majority of the human race (60%+ are Asiam) the chnace to be included in world trade for teh first time - they offered everywhere entrepreneurial revolution value start up enterprsies and community scaled productivity as well as opportumities to leapfrog ahead of eacg 1g to 5g decade not get socially conflicted in the past; and in turn if tital transformation eg green otr educatioj were needed - that was the pen sourec gifto of valueing youth/families/communities as integral to world trade the way Asia's compiunde development maps around

Thursday, May 20, 2021

i once though new york was the happiest city to travel to- today i am sick to the gut that so many property developer have built hate communities 

time ny closed down its racially negligent property developers - eg trump , brodsky -asian hate outside its doormen - whomever the hell housed epstein and maxwell

anyone got mapping contributions - my friends have helped under 25s map a lot of work in brooklyn of good and bad hoods...


i think it was a terrible mistake not letting ny be co-host of amazon hq 2 - ai mapping of ny's racist communities is something that would cost bezos nothing as he has all the door dash data so to speak and all the ai of us communities

Monday, May 17, 2021

 question to a global thoughtleader considering coning to usa to launch a cinsultancy service

example - from chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk washington dc region to international friends of youthmarkets.com and 2020s as sdgs decade including my scotttish compatriots assembling cop26

 you do spend 6 months out of 12 in usa- what sort of year 1 conclusion will be success from your viewpoint?- here are some examples -each of which i imagine needs a different us schedule and first partners pattern  goal a) get at least 2 top level us clients of same stature as your relationship with big T; or goal b) establish a thinktank cluster of partners who serve a benchmark syndicate of say 15 clients specifying ceo leadership agendas related to purpose valuation; or goal c - explore some purpose issues which ultimately connect a us-india network of purpose leaders around a change compass such as go zero carbon  .there are many possible nuances but i would like to rehearse how goal might impact who/where you connect first; during my 25 years in usa i have tacitly discovered different regions academia have very different purpose blindspots as well as possible clues; however there are a few individuals - dixon is probably one who are free of such place-institured biases; regarding goal b- have you heard of canadian don tapscott- he tried 3 different approaches to forming a benchmarking syndicate - as futurist like naisbitt but most digially clued in 1990s; governace transparency in 2000s ; since early 2010s can blockchain change the world - while others would be more neutral in assessing his impact i would say he succeeded in making a great living and guru status but hasnt ulimately changed corpoate leaders onto a sustainability orbit- i conclude from that in usa the market of thinktanks/academia is viciously competitive and makes it hard to truly mediate long-term purpose ...

Friday, April 23, 2021


kane played questionmaster - 3 great types of respomse

kane chens father fiorst graduate from his village in guandong - spread power of edu

-what are barriers we have experiemced

anand - at edx you offer 3000 courses 15000 instructors - whar are obsacles to globa; sprtead

anand ed should be right fir all but global acceess sorely limited- anyone can pay video but not ed

we havemt thoufht about how to apply tech to every child, every lifelong learner

we try at edx - virtually for free from tsinghuahk haravard - up to 40 million leaners - so if we had the ewill could make the dent

usha as pneuroscience you study how kids reads - what are theoptimising obtacles- need awareness of social brain as real thing - so even though i helped with swedish app rto 20 countries- for younger age best tech helps their teachers or memtors

to anand how could edx support adults teaching youth

anand - teachers say i dont know how to apply blended learning

usharight younger kids need human -best if that humanknows how use tech- we have online course to trainnireachers how to use online in classroom

itt mumbai helping 10000 teachers learn how to use

t angeline camfed - you have helped 4.8 million african girls learn - barriers?

camfed also supports young women graduates

of ouur 4.8 min - 2.1 million supported by camfed alumni

188000 young women teachers now part of camfed -

-- buoild foward for equity - problem 1 52 million girls in africa out of school

raise awareness of agencu to break through girl exclision

English to Chines interpretation is available with the Interpretation button at the bottom of your screen.

English to Chinese interpretation is available with the Interpretation button at the bottom of your screen.

Welcome! You can access closed captions with the CC button at the bottom of your screen.

From Jodie Smith-Bennett to Everyone:  10:40 AM

Here is a link to the app Usha Goswami referenced. GraphoGame: 


usha are there mechanisms eg graphagate
yidan is trying to catalogu mechanisms in ne place that help with these tranfers
- look also uk foresight report

very hard to access online until you can read thats why angie correct put support in early

anands story workd bank few years ago- billions loan guarantees - much going for buildings - so anand why so much bricks/mortar cultute instea of buts and bytes - ie access electricity and internet
ciontet on internet now sufficcient - so access is big barrier - bits any bytes exponenial increase in access

kane how has covid affected your schools angelina
its been brutal- deepened structural inequalities- and long=term impactby gender, by location, by which grade being interrupted- my first problem worseningall barriers to girl inclusioj in edu poverty humger tween marriages/ etc
2nd worry - immense digital divide - those without aceess -whole communitirsleft6 behind- 1 access 2 cost bubdles streaming data 3 cpmmunity infrastructure
3 lack of coherent investment - eg covid asks moreresources - eg some of our schools had no water before covid! but now is time to build forward; build equity into systewm

kane to we were talking about how to share ushas latest lessons learned - in magnitudes - what % of camfed schools have access tthrough tech to what usha can offere - angelina - in zimbabwe data costs to rual schools phebnomenal; then issue of smartphone hardware - minimum that workscovid proved we are one village - so interlinked--
angelina my own story i did bit see computer until i was 20
injstice is heartbreaking

yes du,mpng of tech can be problem  -also ;ead edge many community access levels ahead of basic- is there any global entity coordinating this evolution of access

anand if i haveto do my part - then ask whose doing their part - if you are being edu teachers - they can use edx
by 2025 everywhere will have mobile access by 2025?

usha reiterates point for youngest child beed the tools for the teacher
Larisa Schelkin 10:41 AM  
Dear Dr. Goswami - coul you please remind us the name of the (reading skills) app? Thank you!
Jodie Smith-Bennett 10:49 AM 
Here is a link to GraphoGame: 
Wayne Muhammad 10:44 AM  
Hello from North Carolina, USA!
Jodie Smith-Bennett 10:54 AM 
Hello Wayne! thank you for joining us.
christopher macrae (You) 10:45 AM  
this is excellent - is there bookmark to video recording?
Karen A Tobin-Guild 10:46 AM 
Yes - to view this and all past Education Now webinars, please visit hgse.me/ednow.
Yusuf Shogbesan 10:46 AM  
Good Afternoon from Nigeria
Jodie Smith-Bennett 10:55 AM 
Good afternoon! Thank you for joining us.
Maxine Brisport 10:48 AM  
Good morning. We all attendees receive a copy of this excellent program.  Thank you
Karen A Tobin-Guild 10:49 AM 
Hello Maxine. You can view this and all past Education Now webinars at hgse.me/ednow.
Sze Pei Liew 10:50 AM  
Sorry, please enable the chat section. I cannot type anything in the chat section. Thank you.
Karen A Tobin-Guild 10:51 AM 
Hello Sze Pei Liew -- please use the Question and Answer box should you have a question for the speakers. Thank you.
Thien Mai 10:52 AM  
Why does everyone have their post response but me?
Jodie Smith-Bennett 11:05 AM 
Hi Thien,

Thank you for joining us! We see, hear, and appreciate all those attending. We have so many postings that unfortunately, we can't type fast enough to say hello to all. Thank you for joining from all over the world!
Are we going to receive certificate of participation?
Karen A Tobin-Guild 10:58 AM 
Hello Raashid - please send a request to events@gse.harvard.edu.
christopher macrae (You) 10:58 AM  
can you compare india and africa- are access problem similar of=r different in poorest village girl schools?
Emmanuel Fadahunsi 11:01 AM  
Anyway to get a transcript of this discuss
Karen A Tobin-Guild 11:02 AM 
Hello Emmanuel - you can view this and past Education Now webinars at hgse.me/ednow.
Sze Pei Liew 11:02 AM  
Karen, noted with thanks!
Karen A Tobin-Guild 10:53 AM 
Quite welcome.
christopher macrae (You) 11:04 AM  
i am not hearing much about livelihoods education - for example if we wanted enough kids everyehere to become last mile health connexctors at what ages would they or their trwachgers access what- do we have deep ai curriculum on how every community can train enough local health c=building kids?
christopher macrae (You) 11:05 AM 
going forward isnt the opportunity to end standard exam curricula and desig=gn experiemtisl learning at least for those from 11 up?

kane how has covid your owb work, what do you most need next yearto catch up from learning loss

usha we deal with eg in uk dyslexia and other learning difficulty children fall behind in virtual world- it might have been more equitable to suspend schooling for all- while thats not practical we need to think of catchup for those who losr most

anand covid has woken uo=p idea ofonliune learning from 3% online to 100% - the new normal must be blendied learning
on edx in april 2020 10-fold more online learners 5 million new swuvsvribers

kane irony of new changes adavantage of the prior advantaged
audiece q

what about tech to help students learn from fellow studnts and brrakdow geo barriers
anand absoultely peer learning can be great - on edx platform 150000 took first electornons course- on discussion forum i couldnt type fast enough - soon students startedanswreuing each other question s- i realised in few hours they could peer to peer learn within edx once the platform was there = teachers should syop jumping inbwithanswers and letthatorganic peerprocess

Karen A Tobin-Guild 10:46 AM 
Yes - to view this and all past Education Now webinars, please visit hgse.me/ednow.

kane we are all working with different toolhits but the same magic poosibility for edu to grow world
whats the concteate action youmostrwant from global community
usaha sharing expertise neuroscience of early learenin- not yet sghared round teacher or paret world - erly play - how brain learns - learning dic=fficulties misunderstood- child is not lazy tries very hard but losesconfidence - 

angie how do you answer- acess/qalty or what- keep edu on global agenda - collabvorate for edu equuity for every child - -understading our shated vulnerablity - yodan luminaries can be a council cross-disciplianry cross-grade cross-access - lets put equity into worldwide edu

anand - i have learnt tech fully or blended - yes ysha triple blend kid teacger tech
tech can be a demov=cratiser even if fosrt startedby rich
anywherewin wiorld can access delhi public swchool lwearmung

omcein a liftetime opp gieb by covid - united every "tacher" in trying online - any number of coleagures hate it unitil i tried it- for teachewrs best lessor forst online lesson -nthink of that''therifre teachers world over unbdertrained in blocnded - nce in fikeftime pp in next2 yests

Thursday, April 22, 2021


  1. Brazil has detected more than 90 different COVID-19 variants in its battle against the pandemic, including a particularly aggressive variant that has now been detected in over 20 U.S. states and three dozen countries. Unlike the American experience to date, nearly half of those currently hospitalized in Brazil are young people.

Tuesday, April 13, 2021

letter inside america from an imigrant of 21 year confusion

not having been born in usa, i am still catching up on how different states rank on everyone's lives matter

eg i probably had a false image of minnesota as a homely place for long the home of a kindly pbs weekly small town review- what is going on and why does the governor seem to feel its governing as usual?

governing of where floyd was killed

gov of where brooklyn centre pr'd best in land while its union leader to 2019 shot a human while training a rookie 

after this earlier killing of mentally ill  in brooklyn center 


of course the strains of covid double up the unhapiness of any community that already lives in fear - main st usa hasnt had a good 21st c so far , and living in washingto dc all i can hear every day is national politicians arguing over ideologies not over actions needed to serve their peoples

what is this state of living that usa in 2021 has reached - anyone ideas on how to get backing to common sense?


meanwhile ths mit article is useful - it shows the american health service is designed in such a way that accurate monitoring of vaccine side-effects is nigh on impossible- in such a situation regulators fearing later lawyers suits will not make fast judgements on risk balances but slow ones while by all accounts the virus is sppeding up mutations 

Sunday, April 4, 2021

 I would like to share with you two additions to the 1990 Institute's video and discussion series. The first is an introductory video for a new video series called Voices, Visibility and Vision: Lifting the Fog Around China and Asian Americans. The second is the recording of Chinese Americans: The History You Were Never Told, a webinar moderated by our 1990 Institute Board member Brian Wong, about key moments in American history that have shaped the views of Asians in America. This webinar was a part of the campaign organized by Stand With Asians on March 26 to mobilize Americans to support the Asian American community. 

Friday, March 19, 2021

 sachs dialogues 2021

View this email in your browser

You're invited to The Turn: From Reactionary Populism to a Progressive Alternative, a new live course with Columbia University Professor Jeffrey Sachs and political philosopher Roberto Mangabeira Unger!

In this three-part lecture series, Professors Sachs and Unger will discuss the systemic and structural changes necessary to create a progressive future, and contemplate profound questions like, what should we demand of ourselves given the imperfections of politics and the disappointments of history? 

Each session will probe how the political and economic structures of our world influence our relationships to other people and to society at large, using the United States and Brazil as primary case studies. 

Register for all three sessions below.

Session 1: Stagnant and divided: What happened to socially inclusive economic growth and progressive politics?

Friday, March 19th | 13:00 UTC

The first session of The Turn will set the stage for their discussion and seek to answer the question, "What happened to socially inclusive economic growth and progressive politics?"

Register for Session 1

Session 2: Losing and finding the way: The United States and Brazil

Friday, March 26th | 13:00 UTC

In the second session, Professors Sachs and Unger will explore the rise of populism and the shift towards progressivism in the contexts of the United States and Brazil.

Register for Session 2

Session 3: From now to an alternative: The missing project

Friday, April 2nd | 13:00 UTC

The final session presents the “progressive alternative” and outlines what steps should be taken to bring about these changes. 

Register for Session 3

usa never had good faith discussion in 1960s on whats next in integration

need states that can experimemt not dogmatic constitutions- we undersand intelectually absurd but dont have institutional means

be careful as we experiment with devolution not to admit someother local fascism

can education ever be part of solution - in socieites very large very unequal - how reconile local with national stards

what worls tracking improvemnt'real refinance

procedure for dealing with cases whee local school fails 

w also need different kind of education - much more radical than so far exsted; in university study of method 

national curriculum reinforce dominance of old paradim

we need liberating education that questions intellectual servility

educational liberation counterpart to political liberation

will tech help with this? how can online world empower offer new accessibility, key to transorm higher edu affordability - 

Dr. Simona L Brickers 09:02 AM 

I am so excited and have been looking forward to this talk every since it was announced, thank you!!!

christopher macrae (You) 09:04 AM  

what just happened in alaska? imo nothing looks more socially  divided to sdgs than such grandstanding  - which side caused more divisions in your view?

Paul Shaw 09:04 AM  

The UK is equally a strange country - why on earth did we leave the European Union?

Robert Bos 09:16 AM 

Because in the UK, like in the US, entertainment was given prevalence over education, and once education levels were down enough in the majority of the population, those in power could get away promoting ideas like Brexit on false premises.

Victor Schote Nogueira 09:05 AM  

Question from Brazil to Professor Mangabeira: how to conciliate the cooperative competition described in your work with the crescent economic complexity of modern products and services?

Roelof Jousma 09:06 AM  

We had national elections in the Netherlands this Tuesday. The progressive (left) parties were reduced severely. Left is weaker than it has ever been before.

Robert Bos 09:21 AM 

Does left equal progressive? From the Dutch example it seems that the "old fashioned" left ie labour party, socialist party, is on the way out, but the progressive liberals gained substantially and some new parties also had a progressive, European outlook.  It is a matter of definition, in part.

Paul Shaw 09:08 AM  

Progressive has been replaced by populism. Maybe authoritarian regimes like China are better than democracies long term?

Roelof Jousma 09:52 AM 

In what respect would authoritarian regimes be better?

Dr. Simona L Brickers 09:08 AM  

Will we have access to the slides in addition to the video…thank you.

SDG Academy 09:10 AM 

Video recordings of all three sessions will be available in our SDG Academy Library: https://sdgacademylibrary.mediaspace.kaltura.com/category/By+Series%3ET%3EThe+Turn%3A+From+Reactionary+Populism+to+a+Progressive+Alternative/207206793

We will check with Prof. Sachs about sharing the slides.

Freerk Visser 09:08 AM  

Elections in the Netherlands earlier this week - progressive parties minimized in a giant move to the right.

Jelle Buijs 09:15 AM 

Fellow Dutch speaking here - yes, very worrisome. Progressive politics is basically non-existent in the Dutch parliament nowadays.

Victor Schote Nogueira 09:08 AM  

Question from Brazil to Professor Sachs: is the US a fascist time-bomb? With huge inequalities, a semi-tribal political system, massive surveillance, and hundreds of military bases around the globe, is the downturn of the US dangerous for the world?

Adelheid Koepfer 09:09 AM  

Interesting choice of focus on Brazil and USA, see current relationship:


Ayo Johnson 09:12 AM  

To Jeffrey Sachs: why no mention of human trafficking and colonialism of Africa as factors in wealth creation?

Dr. Simona L Brickers 09:17 AM 

Ayo - Yes, I recognized the same things; however, he used the descriptor “labor” without calling out the institute of slavey as a primary labor force, which was everywhere.  I see you…

Dr. Simona L Brickers 09:12 AM  

Thank you.

Kayla Colyard - SDG Academy 09:13 AM 

You’re welcome!

Dr. Simona L Brickers 09:27 AM 

Kayla - as a side note, please ask Dr. Unger and Dr. Sachs to provide at least four books that I must read that is grounded in what is being shared. I am writing a book and would love to hightlight some of this information, thank you.

SDG Academy 09:33 AM 

Hi Dr. Brickers. You can learn more about Prof. Unger and Prof. Sachs’s own books at their respective websites: http://www.robertounger.com/ and https://www.jeffsachs.org/

SDG Academy 09:34 AM 

Prof. Unger also as a standalone video lecture series in the SDG Academy Library, where he expands on many of these topics: “Freedom Now: The Economic and Political Alternative.” http://bit.ly/SDGA_FreedomNow

SDG Academy 10:02 AM 

You should also check out the Book Club with Jeffrey Sachs (https://www.bookclubwithjeffreysachs.org). Next month, we’ll be exploring Mariana Mazzucato’s “Mission Economy,” where she explores the need for more public-private partnerships to spur innovation to tackle our world’s major challenges: https://marianamazzucato.com/books/mission-economy/

Victor Schote Nogueira 09:16 AM  

Question for both of the lecturers: the rise of Germany as an emergent power was a major driver of World Wars. What are the changes that we can expect for the 21st century as China rises (a communist country and a country that is not inserted in West Culture)?

Imani Malaika-Mehta 09:21 AM  

Thank you, Robert Bos! I was hesitant in attending this b/c my fear was that the truth would not be shared about how we came to be in this situation.

Carlos Medeiros 09:21 AM  

Hello to all participants! I would like to ask a question to Prof. Sachs: how can Brazil harmonize the development of its huge petroleum reserves - which are necessary to bring wealth to the country - with the sustainability development goals? Thank you for your time.

Ashwani Vasishth 09:33 AM 

I may be a victim of Western brainwashing, but, it seems to me, Brazil must either find an alternative to wealth creation, or we are all sunk.  

I, personally, buy the storyline of no more fossil fuels, in the face of climate change.

Paul Shaw 09:22 AM  

Interesting - increase in research and development leads to increase in management and professional class adversely affecting non professional class which leads to income inequality.

Begnadehi Claude Bationo 09:25 AM  

The COVID 19 contributed to increase inequalities in the world. Access to treatment and more importantly access to vaccines are confirming that. I entirely agree that technology is driven inequalities. But, is there a way to reverse that trend?

Miguel Eusse 09:26 AM  

Interesting how green the Sahel is.

Robert Bos 09:28 AM  

@Begnadehi Claude Bationo ... it is not by coincidence that Switzerland has such a low GINI ..  decentralization, subsidiarity and direct democracy all help to reduce inequality. The COVID on top of all this, enhancing inequality.

Anonymous Attendee 09:28 AM  

I see that the session is recorded - where can I look at the recording afterwards? Is it emailed to all participants?

Kayla Colyard - SDG Academy 09:30 AM 

Hello - The Video recordings of all three sessions will be available in our SDG Academy Library: https://sdgacademylibrary.mediaspace.kaltura.com/category/By+Series%3ET%3EThe+Turn%3A+From+Reactionary+Populism+to+a+Progressive+Alternative/207206793

Max Lin 09:28 AM  

I'm not sure if anyone here is familiar with Blockchain technology and Web 3 technologies and institutions, but if you are, what possibilities do you see here with changing political structures? Could it allow for mechanisms that don't require top-down government control?

Eric Hancock 09:28 AM  

Are we to think of the Atlantic slave trade as technological change alone? Surely not. Surely the ideological groundwork of racist colonialism precedes the steam engine… and tremendously enhanced the impact of steam engine technology on gdp.

Dr. Simona L Brickers 09:32 AM 

Eric - outstanding point!  However, Dr. Sachs framed technological advancement as the industrial era, which focused on no-human labor; however, it coincided with the end of slavery… I am curious to learn how they responsed, great inquiry…

Eric Hancock 09:34 AM 

Surey we are not under the impression that the industrial era was not platformed on and not contintuously enriched by slave labor as it got going in its first century of global spread?

Dr. Simona L Brickers 09:36 AM 

Yes, I agree with you.  I was merely sharing how the topic was broached that conveniently bypassed your point. You are correct…

Eric Hancock 09:38 AM 

Got you! Thanks for your response.

Michele Campanelli 09:29 AM  

I think it is appropriate to consider social surnames analysis, because the equality of Scandinavian countries is probably overrated...


Samantha Starr 09:29 AM  

Prof Sachs mentioned the ownership of intellectual property contributes to the wealth inequality in the US. Is there something inherently wrong with the US patent system? Does IP contribute to weath inequality in other countries? How could the US patent system change to decrease its contribution to the US wealth inequality? Thanks!

Michele Campanelli 09:42 AM 

Intellectual Property actually coincides with the economic dualism between management centers and productive peripheries: in the United States the management centers are mainly on the coasts, in Europe the management centers are mainly in the large manufacturing production centers that converted into economic and financial management.


Michael Ziemba 09:30 AM  

Does anybody have a definiton or explanation to whom  “enlightened elite” refers?

Eric Hancock 09:31 AM  

Interesting how the global south lost economic status as slavery was outlawed in the latter 19th century.

Imani Malaika-Mehta 09:31 AM  

@Max Lin - It depends on whether oligarchs with the access to technology by the means of their wealth allow technologies such as blockchain & AI to flourish in the marketplace.

Imani Malaika-Mehta 09:35 AM  

@Michael Ziemba - Look to Anand Giridharadas on 'Winners Take All' for a definition of “enlightened elite”

Eric Hancock 09:35 AM  

… rather dropped throughout the slave-filled 19th century.

Qais Wazir 09:36 AM  

I want to have access on the recorded videos.

Kayla Colyard - SDG Academy 09:37 AM 

Video recordings of all three sessions will be available in our SDG Academy Library: https://sdgacademylibrary.mediaspace.kaltura.com/category/By+Series%3ET%3EThe+Turn%3A+From+Reactionary+Populism+to+a+Progressive+Alternative/207206793

Imani Malaika-Mehta 09:36 AM  

If homogeneity is a characteristic of low income inequqlity, to what extent is income inequqlity primarily race/ethnically-based?

Michael Ziemba 09:41 AM 

I think he is using “homogeneity” as a way to show how people have been historically united through identities defined by ethnicity, religion, culture, etc. When a group’s “identity” is eroded by factors (such as migration), then inequaities become much more visible and can lead to a rise in populisim. “Homogeneity” exists in all societeies in differen ways in different times. Just my perspective here!

Imani Malaika-Mehta 09:37 AM  

“non-structual approach to structural inequalities”

Dr. Simona L Brickers 09:38 AM  

Question to Dr. Unger - will the vaccum burst? And, when it does is there a projected fallout.

Paul Shaw 09:38 AM  

1 Centre right/left parties broad based socially inclusive economic growth has slowed down abbecame pockets. 2 Heirarchical structure.Tax and transfer is epilogue 3. Money transfer is not socially cohesive - migratory flows eg. Vacuum has created reactionary populism. non structural solutions to structural problems - using ethnicism and religion to propogate its populism.

Paul Shaw 09:38 AM  

Sorry, ignore above - was taking notes

Kiran Vergis 09:39 AM 

Excellent notes though. :)

Sanjay Norbert De Mascarenhas Henriques 09:39 AM  

Patent durations should be decreased especially in areas of critical progress and development.

Affordable, quality and universally recognized education should be made available globally.

These are critical for fairplay.

Roelof Jousma 09:57 AM 

Agree with the remark that we still have to define what quality education content wise would be ...

Sanjay Norbert De Mascarenhas Henriques 10:00 AM 

In addition it is critical to tackle discrimination and racism. 

Promoting Dignity,  respect and self worth is required for the success of SDG's

Imani Malaika-Mehta 09:40 AM  

Populism sounds like Noam Chomsky’s “Manufactred Consent”

Imani Malaika-Mehta 09:42 AM  

Making some intellectual property available on an open source basis will create economic prosperity for those who do not presently have it.

Juliano Souza dos Passos 09:43 AM  

Roberto Mangabeira Unger, thanks for the lecture.

How can we achieve the required spreading of the knowledge economy with the current distribution of patents and inventions? The unavoidable consequence of the current restrictive system is, besides dragging world's productions systems, to concentrate profits in developed and already rich countries. How to change the system when these are the same countries controlling patenting rules and knowledge generation?

Roelof Jousma 09:59 AM 

The issue that many patents are being developed based on government funded research is somethong that has to be re-discussed as well

Juliano Souza dos Passos 10:07 AM 

By design to concentrate knowledge control. I totally agree with you.

Ayo Johnson 09:43 AM  

Can you discuss the open source movement as a force to democratize the knowledge economy?

Imani Malaika-Mehta 09:44 AM  

Increase access to STEM education and you will see a narrowing of income equality.

Ashwani Vasishth 09:48 AM 

I would argue that it is education, itself, that makes the difference, rather than STEM education in particular.  That soulnds like a bias toward objectivist thinking.

Michelle Thomasson 09:47 AM  

I'm concerned that the financialisation of nature (recognising the biodiversity and climate change crisis) will only exacerbate inequality. The metrics to measure, value and control is part of the knowledge economy & this does not appear to be creating a 'new' economy it only works to ameliorate drivers related to forms of wealthy production & consumption.

Michele Campanelli 10:08 AM 

If you don't consider GDP maybe the quality of life in a small Greek island is better than that of the best neighborhood in any western city... :-) ...


Imani Malaika-Mehta 09:47 AM  

Education for equity also means that the populace is educated about the structural mechanisms that maintain inequality.

Carolyne Nyarangi 09:48 AM  

Its obvious that the innequalities have been amplified by the Covid-19 pandemic, this is witnessed in the current global confusion between reacting to the immediate effects of the pandemic and the need to continue focusing on achieving the SDGs, how will the global leaders enable African countries catapult towards achieving the global goals considering the unique form of inequality represented by the continent?

GS Mani 09:48 AM  

What are your thoughts about inclusive growth in countries such as India which is struggling hard  to grow in technology

Bochra Kaddoura 09:48 AM  

I believe the new concept of circular economies or doughnut economy would be a place to start because it builds a whole new understanding of what a 21 st century economy should be

Imani Malaika-Mehta 09:48 AM  

Education: https://www.sotvkccreatorsclubs.org/about/

E Pachella 09:55 AM 

Thanks for sharing.

Begnadehi Claude Bationo 10:00 AM 

Interesting. Thanks for sharing Imani Malaika-Mehta. I am interested to know more about your club.

Imani Malaika-Mehta 09:50 AM  

Circular economies can still be structured to not include mechanisms to decrease structural inequality.

Bochra Kaddoura 09:51 AM  

I mean wouldn’t a shift in paradigm be vital moving from our economy today to the circular economy or doughnut economy?

Michael Ziemba 09:52 AM 

I think he’s trying to make the point that our “paradigm shift” needs to be one in which we reject “dogmatic thinking”. To me, this sounds paradoxical, too. That’s why we are here!

Diane d’Arras 09:53 AM  

Patents are protected for 20 years. Is there any explanation for the 20 years and could it be reduced to-day knowing the way that knowledge and business can be shared much quicker thuan before.

Qais Wazir 09:59 AM 

Patents expire because allowing them to last for too long places a constraint on others who want to improve upon existing technology. Current patent law allows inventors to recoup their investment and profit from their invention without slowing down innovation.

one of the reason that it couldn’t reduced in amount of year is its cost of research.

Roelof Jousma 10:02 AM 

does it take into account the costs made by tax payers that fund education and research that form the foundation for many innovations.

Imani Malaika-Mehta 09:55 AM  

@Ashwani Vasishth - I am not espousing objectivist thinking. Sachs states that technological knowlwdge has been a major factor in creating wealth. There are many educated people who are not able to provide the means to increase wealth through the means of production.

Imani Malaika-Mehta 09:57 AM  

The New Deal for African-Americans = reparations?

Paul Shaw 09:58 AM  

Phew - thank you Roberto - in a nutshell you are advocating an inclusive knowledge economy through reform of the electoral system, radical decentralisation of government/decision making, and an education system which liberates the mind?

Mark Medish 09:59 AM  

Jeff rightly emphasized tehcnological change.  Can Roberto’s alternative vision systematically harness the digital technologies that now increasingly drive our economies? “Surveillance capitalism” seems to be the new dialectical equilibirum.

Bochra Kaddoura 10:00 AM  

Given the all the technological  disruptions , the pandemic and all the challenges we are facing today wouldn’t a shift in paradigm in the economy understanding be more vital in moving into a more circular economy or doughnut economy as we call it today be crucial today? 

I also want to thank Dr Jeffrey for changing my life with the SDGs courses.

Jenny Balboa 10:05 AM 

Due to the pandemic, the global economy has suffered its worst recession. Meanwhile the governments are spending massively. The world is facing a twin health and economic crisis. It has exacerbated global inequality. Developing countries are facing potential debt crisis while developed countries are also facing fiscal crunch. How do we get out of this rut? What are the new sources of growth in the post covid world? What kind of changes at the international level should be made


Not a question - just a Wow!  Brilliant all around.  Thank you — Looking foward to next sessions.

Dr.Najat Es'haqi 10:01 AM  

Dr.Najat Es'haqi Bahrain ... how can we convince communities with new ways of dealing with global issues and reshaping and reforming of educational systems after all the negative impacts on those communities .. I think we all striving for a role model

Nazar Khan 10:01 AM  

Occupation of New World by inhabitants of tiny Europe determines a lot about the culture and ethos of Americas and other parts of New World away from egalitarianism.

Wissam DAOU 10:01 AM  

There is a risk that is taking huge momemenum, highly encouraged by populism, risk which is “aternative realities”.  That is also a form of vitality, a bad one. What would you propose to conter this dangerous trend?

Imani Malaika-Mehta 10:01 AM  

Surveillance capitalism will lead to a social credit system. The need to control the masses as income inequality increases will become a political mechanism.

Michele Campanelli 10:01 AM  

I live in Europe (Italy).

Actually it seems to me that the federal budget of the United States is very similar to that of a social democratic country: the expenses for welfare and public health are quite high and continuously increasing.



Samantha Starr 10:03 AM  

The events leading up to Trump's election fascinates me. Any recommended reading material about how US history, culture, and current mentality led to his election?

anna colombo 10:06 AM 

"strangers in their own land" Arlie Russell Hochschild opened a world to me

Imani Malaika-Mehta 10:07 AM 

The events leading up to Trump's election are a culmination of backlash against the civil rights movement.

Joel Rogers 10:05 AM  

What's your view of the promise of urbanization -- another huge trend in the world -- as a promising way to reconcile your views and move the progressive project forward? Cities are more productive AND more tolerant AND a natural place to construct high quality public goods for residents AND much better for the environment (because more efficient in consumption, and taking up less physical space). Couldn't a slightly more mindful metrosapians pretty easily live better together and with nature?

Imani Malaika-Mehta 10:05 AM  

I would like to see structural adjustment policies of the IMF included in this discussion. IMF should get rid of SAP (structural adjustment policies) that shackle developing nations with debt while confiscating natural resources needed to pay it back.

Bochra Kaddoura 10:06 AM  

What is going to happen to the professional society or the elite if we want to call it once AI takes over their jobs ? How are we going to solve the social inequality because for sure we will have a useless class maybe with health benefits but with nothing to do?

Imani Malaika-Mehta 10:08 AM 

Surveillance capitalism will lead to a social credit system. The need to control the masses as income inequality increases will become a political mechanism.

Imani Malaika-Mehta 10:06 AM  

@Samantha Starr - The events leading up to Trump's election are a culmination of backlash against the civil rights movement.

Samantha Starr 10:09 AM 

Yes I caught that from Prof Sachs, and I'd love to learn more about why that backlash exists. I was asking if anyone had any recommended reading material about a more in depth analysis on that phenomenon.

Samantha Starr 10:11 AM 

I'm trying to wrap my head around how such a large portion of the population are racist that someone like Trump can be elected.

Roelof Jousma 10:07 AM  

I agree with RMU that repairing inequalities fiscally after they have occurred is inefficient and unethical. People doing useful jobs shouls be paid accordingly and feel proud about their work. Managers don't need to earn millions a year when doing the jobs they like.

Marcela Johnson Murrell 10:08 AM  


I have a question and statement. where I live (Costa Rica) the party in the government signed SDGs. Due to these and other economical issues, they stated that they needed to recuesta a loan from the World bank to finance everything.

To start collecting, they are putting the country in the center of a verge, of new taxation in unimaginable basic things (like food, housing and education). Labor is struggling and even professionals, because middle class is coming to an end, and the funds that have been collected, now they are been redirected to parties personal goals ( construction of a train, the opening is a NASA or Disney in the county, etc), instead of fixing priority issues in the country ( poverty, lack of accessible housing, etc)

So, how the population can fight this? if government although there have been small riots (due to covid-19) against this political stand, they still sign and put into effect the project. How to fight this?

Sanja Terlević 10:09 AM  

It would be wonderful ti

Jenny Balboa 10:10 AM  

Jenny Balboa (You): Due to the pandemic, the global economy has suffered its worst recession. Meanwhile the governments are spending massively. The world is facing a twin health and economic crisis. It has exacerbated global inequality. Developing countries are facing potential debt crisis while developed countries are also facing fiscal crunch. How do we get out of this rut? What are the new sources of growth in the post covid world? What changes at the international level should be made?

Sanja Terlević 10:10 AM  

It would be wonderful to have access to the transcript of this great conversation! :)

Marcela Johnson Murrell 10:12 AM  

I will like to have access to the different links they were posted in the chat, but it's not allowing me to copy them. Could these be sent afterwards to the participants? thanks

christopher macrae (You) 10:12 AM  

very important dialogue- will bookmary with replay of video be available?

Thursday, February 18, 2021

 promethos various investment ithka , pooja and joe

16000 homes - 100000 people 

30 per finance circle

300per last mnth circle

double loop change to dev investment

direct actions homes ortherapyvaccination


7 financial solution networls

100 agriculture networks

Friday, January 29, 2021

Friday, January 22, 2021

 #br6 isnt it time the new world - north south designed for small entrepreneurs and educators to win-win - if not now while canada leader in humanising ai in every way fed usa is not -when- then there's the aerctic circle on which all meltdown scenarios likely pivot

from south bend to north wend

thank goodness biden canceled keystone- hope his first international call to trudeau suggest better joint nation investments- why not bullet train triangle toronto, ny , boston - how says bidens new infrasrtructure tsar- trudeau terrible yes man to trump since argument hosting canada g7 -time for canada to be a moral leader of youth sdg collaboration decade 

Thursday, January 7, 2021

 #21wednesday - will us politicians /media come of age - what will they learn from 1/6/21

the peoples have had 21 years of rotten public service that devalues most lives and families needs - think covid, subprime, katrina,  lying about who caused 9/11, clintons boredom with the worlds biggest job 

choice between 2 arrogant parties dont make a right- we now know that less than 20% of peoples needs are represented by the 2 main parties- most blacks most latinos many women many students .. already knew that- what we did not know was that the peoples were so desperate that nearly 40% would be pied pipered by trump even as he tore down his promise to sort out law and order

lawyering is no longer of any value unless it is informed by engineering - machines have got smarter in human intel 100 times every decade since moores law- 1965- dc is the developed worlds most ignorant city in every way that silicon valley is smarter- BUT BECAUSE dc politicians didnt learn about data/ transparent statistics they are now the most ignorant to make biggest decisions- 

god bless bidenuni.com and harrisuni.com -

we get it for 100 years 1870-1970 america saved the old world from its world wars -i would not exist without americans - my father spent his last days as teenager serving in allied bomber command- his teens had been spent in british embassies most concerned with hitler and stalin- big gov, big corporation, big foundations cannot on their own serve the people in a careless media age

do all lives matter in usa?

thats what could have been learnt in 1960s from assassination of white kennedies and at least 10 lives matter black leaders

the g7 leaders who kowtowed to trump whatever they represent its not freedom by nd for all peoples- 

extra questions -what exactly does it mean that the woman who led the charge into the visit to the floor of parliament served us armed forces out of san diego for 17years

as at 1/7 the only completely honorable person inside dc seems to be the capital police chief who has resigned - the idea that because the marchers had a permit to march did not requite the biggest staffing of capitol police ever needs to be explained by every republican who supported trump- or they should all leave -and never pretend to public serve again

above all dont waste priorities- urgent focus is for biden nominations to- plenty of time to sort out what trunps future is