.Brian Beedham, foreign editor of The Economist for a quarter of a century, died this week, aged 87 F or nearly all the 25 years leading up to the collapse of communism in 1989, two intellects dominated the pages of The Econ- omist. They were Norman Macrae, as dep- uty editor, and Brian Beedham, as foreign editor. Their marks were influential, endur- ing-and quite different. Norman, who died in 2010, relished iconoclasm, and orig- inal ideas sprang like a fountain from his ef- fervescent mind. Brian, bearded, tweed- jacketed and pipe-smoking (or pipe-pok- ing), held ideas that were more considered. It was he who provided the paper’s atti- tude to the post-war world. In that world, nothing was as important as seeing off communism, which in turn could be achieved only by the unyielding exercise of American strength. This view was not in itself unusual. What made it re- markable, and formidable, were the clarity, elegance and intellectual power with which it was propounded. No issue demanded the exercise of these qualities more than the Vietnam war, and probably none caused Brian more an- guish. A man of great kindness, and with- out a hint of vanity or pretension, he was far from being either a heartless ideologue or a primitive anti-communist (though he never visited either Russia or Vietnam to put his opinions to the test). But his unwa- vering defence of American policy drew criticism from both colleagues and readers. Why did he persist in pounding such a lonely trail, even after it had become clear that the American venture in South-East Asia was doomed? The short answer was conviction. His anti-communism was born of a love affair with America. As a young man, at Leeds Grammar School and Oxford, his politics had been leftish. They might have stayed that way. But in 1955 ambition bore him from the Yorkshire Post to The Economist where, after a few months, he won a Commonwealth Fund fellowship and with it a year study- ing local politics in the South and the West of the United States. In America Brian dis- covered a national ideology based on indi- vidualism, bottom-up democracy and an active belief in liberty that meant pro- blems could be solved at home and na- tions could be freed abroad. This was ex- actly in tune with his own emerging ideas. The dispassionate romantic Coming from drab, class-ridden, 1950s Brit- ain, Brian might have stayed. But he felt in- dubitably British. The Suez crisis was be- ginning just as he left for America in August 1956; he so strongly backed the in- vasion of Egypt that he volunteered his ser- vice to the British military attache in Wash- ington, ready even to give up his new American adventure to fight for this hopeless cause. And though he later became enthusiastic about direct democracy (an en- thusiasm, like that for homeopathic pills, which was fostered by his links with Swit- zerland through Barbara, his wife), he was a monarchist to the end. Suspicious of intellectuals, Brian rel- ished exposing the soft, less-than-rigorous- ly-thought-out (he was fond of hyphens) orthodoxies of the liberal left. As foreign editor, he liked to draw unsparing compar- isons between the Soviet Union and the Nationalist regime in South Africa: to deny freedom on the basis of ideological convic- tions, he argued, was no less objectionable than denying it on the basis of colour. It was no doubt Brian’s command of words that helped to make him our Washington correspondent in 1958 and then, in 1963, foreign editor. In this role he wrote leaders on all manner of topics, often argu- ing a difficult case: for nuclear weapons, say; for supporting Israel (another of his unshakable causes) when sentiment was running otherwise; or indeed for the do- mino theory itself, which was never so ringingly defended. Brian was equally skilled as a sub-edi- tor. Articles that arrived on his desk with no clear beginning, end or theme were turned, apparently effortlessly, into some- thing perfectly sharp and coherent. More annoyingly for authors, articles that were perfectly coherent were sometimes turned with a few tweaks, deft as a paw-dab from one of his beloved cats, into pieces that said something quite different from what had been intended. A statement of fact might be qualified by “it is said” or the American invasion of Cambodia would become a “counter-attack”. These intrusions could be difficult to square with The Economist's tradition of open-mindedness; especially as Brian’s own mind was more contradictory than it seemed. His favourite conversation-part- ners were men like Henry “Scoop” Jackson and Richard Perle, hawkish intervention- ists; but he also had an acquaintance, al- most friendship, with at least one kgb man at the Soviet embassy in the 1980s. Away from work, the world he was analysing weekly was kept at bay. He did not own a television set, and found the best use of computers was to listen to American civil-war songs. Some of his pieces were pounded out on an ancient Ol- ivetti in a turret of Barbara’s family castle in the Alps, surrounded by peaks and clouds. Deep down he was a romantic, capable of great human feeling, whose head con- stantly seemed to remind him to keep a rein on his heart. He wrote sympathetical- ly and perceptively about Islam, and mov- ingly about refugees-especially boat peo- ple, and especially if they were Vietnam- ese. They were making his point for him....The Economist May l6th 2015

.................................................................................................................................................................america's media crisis started with its biggest brands...Help teachers and children generatethe most exciting jobs creation game? A 21st C mashup of a board game like monopoly, a quiz like trivial pursuits, and both a mass media and an app such as jobs creation sharkette tank?. more : why not blog your peoples search for world record jobs creators ..last 7 years of generation of changing education
1 the board - maps of large continents and small islands, of super cities and rural villages, transportation routes for exchanging what people make connected to webs like Jack Ma's gateways where 3000 people co-create live for a day before linking in their networks (Notes on valuing freedom and happiness) join 25th year of debating whether we the parnets and youth can change education in tine to be sustainable
2 rules of jobs-rich trading games - lifelong grade 1 to 69, beginners to experienced connecting many previous games - eg game 1 if your region has no access to a seaport, how are trading dryports developed
3 backup every trial game ever played including successes & failures, searchable by valuable collaboration factors; geographically neighbouring, match particular skill (eg electrical engineerings) around the world
3.1 cases and the cultural lessons from future history that worldwide youth will need to translate if they are to be the sustainability generation
3.2 unexpected joys; eg often the most exciting innovations for linking the sustainability generation come from communities that had the least connections - eg some of the games best players are the women and girls who developed bangladesh as 8th most populous nation starting with next to nothing at independence in 1971; case sino-english translation of world record book of jobs creators- can you help us translate this into other mother tongues - isabella@unacknowledgedgiant.com us we chat line 240 316 8157 - click to diary of good news youth journalism trips 8 to china, 1 korea, 3 arab emirates, 13 bangladesh 1 to japan

Wednesday, December 31, 2008

Millennium 2  (or more precisely the period 1000-2008)was a strange one.
questions on norman macrae's last articles, xmas 2008, welcome chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk -in fact remembrance parties started 2010 continue to this day round his extreme concern that subprime could distract from the decade that need to value changing education with a plurality of cultural curiosity not hitherto mediated.

Whilst Norman's last public birthday party was spent in Saint James with Muhammad Yunus and young-in-heart friends of valuing women as much as men, sadly Norman never got to meet World Record Jobs Creator #2 Sir Fazle Abed


  • 6 years ago
Editors at The Economist discuss entrepreneurial revolution and why Norman Macrae supported Bangladeshi Microfinance 


With so many advances in human knowledge but not necessarily progress in lasting peace and goodwill to all.

 Lets explore a few timezones of millennium 2. Please note even in 2018 there is as yet no common agreement on how to measure the intangibles valuation of human relationship networks (or how to map local to global value chains in way that all costs and risks are transparent to those who will suffer most on the ground whenever professional subprime).

The one thing we should urgently be able to see if we look outside : global connectivity's rapid acceleration now reveals worldwide consequences (eg climate) which play out irreversibly within a generation or two, instead of several centuries.

Between 1748 and 1776, Scot Adam Smith lost the battle to return freedom to the way Britain was the first nation to be pivotal to the way that world trade was to be designed for nearly two and half centuries of Industrial Revolution.

In his 1748 book on moral sentiments - many call the first book on economics - adam explored a local community model. In the world of 1748, unless you lived by water most people didnt travel more than 15 miles from were they were born. Effectively everyone knew of each other. A trader might cheat some of the people some of the time but he would get found out, lose his local reputation. In that way it was communally in his interest to make every trade a win-win one that built trust through every value exchange he connected. Similarly financial services should be designed around multiplying such local goodwill
Adam Smith, Science & Human Nature by Professor Skinner
(To understand smith's ideology of free markets, you do need to read his won words. Many twentieth century academics have been sponsored to reinterpret what he said to match particular vested interests that some may feel bring terms such as freedom of speech and of markets into disrepute. Nonetheless as Keynes clarifies, increasing only economists design what future is possible for peoples and their place - savings have exponential consequences and as parents we take a collective "civilisation" responsibility to mediate how money flows wisely)

Adam's second book discussed a second loop to some extent conflicting with his community rising book- to what extent did a nation's size give it an advantage. Adam knew full well that Scotland had failed as a nation. It had been too small to lose half of its peoples savings in one overseas venture that most of them didnt know had been commissioned until it failed. The result the hostile takeover of Scotland by England (euphemism the United Kingdom). In fact London designed taxation policies so that by 1850 over half of scots could not sustain a livelihood in Scotland. Scots emigrated becoming a majority diaspora nation.

However Adam's main argument in his book was that although england's first move advantage with steam engines had added to its power to colonise it would be best to anticipate that America would become a larger market. Instead of dictating trade in the empire's interest why not negotiate free trade and freedom of America. As history shows, the Brits failed to do this. Henec the declaration of independence as USA fought to free itself of British control and declared every american's right to be a free and happy entrepreneur.

Colonialism, the control of world trade, seems to have emerged as an accident from 1500 as Europeans discovered they were not landlocked- ie there was a new continent to the west which became known as america, and that the far east east including india and china could be reached by sailing round Africa. Before this discovery, the main world trade market was the silk road which reached out  overland connecting Europe Asia all the way to China. Marco Polo was one of the must famous reporters of this chain of local markets. Taes facilitated win-wins across cultures and exchanges as they took up to 7 years to complete a journey from Europe to China. Most of the wealth and civilisation of the world of the first half of the second millennium depended on being linked in to this world trade route. And the end destinations such as venice in europe (surrounded with its own sub-trading routes across the med sea) and typically Hangzhou in China offered evidence of how win-win market trades developed places.

As ships and navies from 1500 started replacing the overland silk road, they tended to arm themselves so that when they reached ports they could dictate trades. Remember too that unless you were a captain, sailing round the world wasnt a popular job, violence was needed to pressgang sailors.  And this pattern spiralled it became colonisation - essnetially where an empire country controlled trade around its own interests. The consequence, whether deliberate or not, was that the colonies lost the ability to self-select trades that developed their peoples. In other words trade became win-lose where once across the silk road it mainly been win-win. And the infrastructure empires built was often only for their controlling needs not the native peoples mobility.

It is possible to argue that the 20th c world wars root causes was that the human race could not be sustained by two exponential structures

the pursuit by big nations to get bigger by extracting more carbon energy than their own country possessed either through colonisation or by going to war. notably a country like Germany which had been landlocked on its south and so not a participant in colonisation had to feed its desired to get bigger by taking the iron and coal from neighboring places needed for building ever more powerful machines.

And as we humans raced towards this dead end,  investing in 1000 times more human connectivity can be questioned as both a huge opportunity and a huge threat- what professional marketers used to SWOT.

Strength and weaknesses openly appraise where your history/culture of human endeavor has brought you to, Opportunities and Threats map back the future shocks of whether you compound hi-trust or low-trust exchanges going forward be these with other people or nature's environment.

The second half of the 20th century needed all the human foresight we could muster to be question against two unprecedented accelerators- investing in tech of communications and going green. Oddly one of these we have all raced into without questioning the media (digital isnt social just because west coast billionnaires claim it so), the other our governments in richest western nations have failed us on with stories that treat mother nature as little more than a game of devil take the hindmost. (Our point is : as far as we know nature controls the rules of which species becomes the next dodo, man doesnt make natures rules but would be wise to legislate ahead of their consequences)

What we therefore argue is that those nations that grew after world war 2  (with the exception of carbon rich territories) are those that  innovated produce that offered win-win trades harnessing connectivity- eg japan's quality systems applied to microelectronics and to engineering supertrans and starting up the east's superports by applying such innovations as containerisation and the advances in construction machines

These economies that have grown developing nations since world war 2 have been designed around innovating win-win trades and increasingly harnessing this to the 1000 times more now being spent on communications/connectivity technologies (2016 versus 1946). However successes have been stalled where they have got caught up in financial bubbles mainly caused by property speculation. 2008's extreme sub-prime bubbles and frauds took on both a new scale and a dimension which for the first tome showed exponential risks to countries savings could be more global than regional or local.

To world record job creatir, belt and roiad mapamkers and those who want to understand where economics is designed "inter-generationally" around trading transparency, trustflows ands winw-ns  friends  of valuing youth economies recommend the wporls of adam smith, JB Say, james wilson, wallter bagehot and the last chpater of keynes on the general theory of money.

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